Malware Information Sharing Platform (MISP), an open-source threat intelligence platform created by a team of developers from CIRCL, Belgian Defence, NATO, and NCIRC, is designed to allow sharing, storing and correlating threat indicators of targeted attacks, threat intelligence, financial fraud information or vulnerability information.
It allows security teams to ingest and analyze threat data on detected malware attacks, automatically creating connections between malware and their characteristics, storing data in a structured format and sharing this information with third parties. Simply put, MISP aims to be the platform of trust by locally storing threat information and enhancing malware detection to encourage information exchange among organizations.
Functionalities of MISP
MISP’s in-built sharing functionality allows users to automatically synchronize events and their attributes, as well as filter them according to an organization’s sharing policy. The platform’s intuitive user interface makes it easy for end-users to create and collaborate on events, attributes, and indicators. MISP supports STIX and stores data in a structured format and is equipped with a free-text import tool that enables the integration of unstructured reports into the platform. Furthermore, users can automatically exchange and synchronize events with other parties, and import and integrate MISP feed, OSINT feed, or threat intelligence from any third party.
The API of MISP allows integration with an organization’s solutions and its Python Library—PyMISP—that helps to collect, add, update, search events’ attributes. Users can classify and tag events based on their existing taxonomies or classification schemes. MISP also includes a unique intelligence vocabulary called MISP galaxy that connects malware, threats actors, ransomware and RATs to events in MISP.
MISP vs. Threat Intelligence Platform
MISP functions as a centralized hub for threat intelligence, but lacks several features of a modern threat intelligence platform (TIP). A few key capabilities that a true threat intelligence platform or a MISP alternative might offer include:
Multi-Source Intel Ingestion
An advanced threat intelligence platform can collect tactical and technical intelligence from multiple sources, including firewalls, SIEMs, IDS/IPS, threat intel providers, peer organizations, regulatory bodies, ISACs/ISAOs, dark web sites, and more. It can automatically convert this data into a format that can be stored in an organized database in different formats, such as STIX, JSON, XML, CybOX, MAEC, etc, for easy access.
A TIP or a MISP alternative allows security teams to assess the confidence scoring of IOCs and leverage that score to trigger certain actions, such as automated alerting.
MITRE ATT&CK Visualization
A TIP can visualize the MITRE ATT&CK framework and provide an analyst with information on attacker TTPs and help them identify trends and threat patterns across the cyber kill chain, as well as relate them to reported intel.
Automated Threat Intelligence Lifecycle
A TIP automates the entire threat intelligence lifecycle, starting from ingesting threat information from multiple sources to enriching the data from VirusTotal, Whois, NVD and other trusted sources in real time to performing correlation, deduplication, analysis, and indicator deprecation.
Automated Actioning on Intel
A TIP can share threat data to security tools in real time, allowing actioning to take place automatically. It offers the ability to design custom workflows and automation rules to power automated actioning.
There are plenty of features in a modern-day threat intelligence platform or a MISP alternative. However, an organization can choose either MISP or a threat intelligence platform based on its requirements.